First of all for protecting the child. The alienating parent uses the symbiotic relationship with his/her child for personal needs. Contrary to what one could think, the relationship between the alienating parent and the child is not sincere, but specious. The child must be distanced from the dysfuncional source. The Refare does not include the involvement of the alienating parent. His/her exclusion must not be considered a “punishment”, especially because if he/she continues having his/her deviant behavior, it would cause a self-exclusion from the child’s life, it is just a matter of time. This precondition has the objective to preserve the efficacy of the Program because the alienating parent does not have the slightest motivation to change. Furthermore, excluding the alienating parent from the Program, would finally send a clear and decisive message to the child. For many years the child has received ambiguous messages from his/her parents, family and legal practitioner. The Program represents a new phase in which the child’s needs are in the foreground, through a total support in which he/she is involved (based on age) in the whole decisional process of the Program. Including the involvement of the alienating parent might mean continue transmitting ambiguous messages to the child and it will not allow him/her to understand (with good reasons) the sense of the treatment: on the one hand you distance me from a parent that you judged irresponsible, on the other hand you allow me meet him/her: what do you want me to do? A child has a completely different point of view from adults. The last critical issue if you want to include the alienating parent: he/she would exert psychological pressure on the child with phrases like: “they distanced each others, but we will come back together”, “make sure you do not betray me, we will live together again”, “your classmates always ask for you…”. An irresponsible behavior that would undermine the child first of all (“sooner or later I will come back to him/her”) and, successively, the whole treatment.